早稲田文化構想2010 大問Ⅰ


We often express a state or feeling of being isolated or ( 1 ) with terms referring to coldness. The words "frosty" and "cold" are sometimes used to describe unkind or unfriendly people. To "get the cold shoulder" means to be rejected. If you ignore someone, you may leave the person "out in the cold." In ( 2 ), you exchange "warm" smiles with people you find pleasant and friendly, and it is always nice to get "a warm welcome" when visiting a new place. 訳→*1


  1. (a) chosen (b) divided (c) excluded (d) mixed
  2. (a) contrast (b) favor (c) spite (d) touch


Two professors of organizational behavior tried to prove this common association objectively. They conducted a study to test the idea that there is a ( 3) link between the sense of temperature and the feelings of social inclusion or isolation.  訳→*2


  1. (a) historic (b) progressive (c) scientific (d) subjective


First, they put student volunteers into two groups. One group was asked to ( 4 ) a personal experience in which they were isolated from other people. Some students remembered their experiences of being bullied by classmates, and others ( 5 ) terrible moments they had experienced of getting a rejection from a club or a team. The other group recalled experiences of being ( 6 ) by friends and strangers. 訳→*3


  1. (a) acquire (b) define (c) produce (d) recollect
  2. (a) brought back (b) carried out (c) dreamed up (d) thought of
  3. (a) accepted (b) criticized (c) introduced (d) teased


The researchers then asked all the volunteers to guess the temperature in the laboratory they were in. Their answers ranged widely, from 12 to 40°C. As the researchers had expected, those who were requested to recall a socially isolating experience gave lower ( 7 ) than the other group. The findings suggest one of the many ways in which environment. 訳→*4


  1. (a) agrees (b) estimates (c) numbers (d) rates


Answers→(((A) 1(c) 2(a) 3(c) 4(d) 5(d) 6(a) 7(b)))




There is a story from long ( 8 ) of an old lady who lived in Scotland. The old woman, Mrs Duncan, lived on her own, just ( 9 ) of the town, but on many evenings she would come to the town and visit some friends with whom she would ( 10 ) the evening playing cards and drinking whisky. The daughter of the old lady's friends, a girl of 17 years called Maggie, was rather religious in her opinions, and she did not approve of card-playing and whisky-drinking. So she made a plan to play a trick on the old woman, to frighten her and stop her nightly entertainment. Taking a large white sheet, Maggie went and sat at the side of the dark road, waiting for the old lady to ( 11 ) on her way home. 訳→*5


  1. (a) ago (b) gone (c) past (d) time
  2. (a) apart (b) close (c) next (d) outside
  3. (a) lose (b) make (c) spend (d) watch
  4. (a) drive over (b) go through (c) pass by (d) walk up


Mrs. Duncan had enjoyed a particularly good evening, and it was quite late as she walked, a little unsteadily, back along the darkened road. In the misty light of the moon, the young woman stood up, covered in her white sheet, ( 12 ) to shock the old lady. However, Mrs. Duncan just paused in her progress, and said, "Good evening, white spirit, and what are you doing here? And why is that dark demon behind you?" Maggie shrieked in fear and ran all the way back to her house, not ( 13 ) to look behind. For a long time after that, the young woman would not speak of the events of that evening, and was afraid to leave the house at night. But the old lady ( 14 ) to visit her friends for cards and whisky for many a year afterwards. 訳→*6


  1. (a) asking (b) deciding (c) hesitating (d) intending
  2. (a) daring (b) hoping (c) remembering (d) wanting
  3. (a) continued (b) failed (c) learned (d) offered

Answers→ (((B) 8(a) 9(d) 10(c) 11(c) 12(d) 13(a) 14(a)))